Some credit card companies let you add an authorized user without providing that individual’s Social Security Number (SSN). You only need their name, birthday and address in some cases.
But requirements vary by credit card company, and not all of them will allow you to add an authorized user with no SSN. To give you a better sense of what, exactly, is required to add an authorized user, we looked into some of the most popular issuers’ policies.
Here are some of the most popular issuers' authorized user policies:
Capital One – Name, Birthday and Phone Number. An SSN is required to add an Account Manager (a type of authorized user with increased account access, including the ability to set up their login details to manage the account).
Barclaycard– Name, Birthday, Relationship to Primary Cardmember and Citizenship status
Before adding an authorized user, you should also make sure to weigh the benefits and potential drawbacks of doing so. On the one hand, it will help the authorized user build credit. And if you mess up, the authorized user can have the negative records removed from his or her credit report. On the other hand, you’re the one who’s responsible for paying the bill every month.
Yes, authorized users do build credit. You can actually build a good or excellent credit score just as an authorized user on a credit card. When you become an authorized user, the account is added to your credit report, which means on-time payments by the primary cardholder will help you build good credit history. But because authorized users are not responsible for paying the bills, credit scores don’t give authorized user accounts as much weight. So you won’t build credit as fast as an authorized as you would with your own credit card account.… read full answer
Still, the fact that most credit card companies don’t have a minimum age for authorized users, means becoming one is a great way to build credit before you can get your own account. But there are a few positives and negatives you should know about before becoming an authorized user.
Here’s how authorized users build credit:
A friend or family member adds you to their credit card account as an authorized user.
The credit card account gets added to your credit reports, just like if it were your own account.
The issuer gives updated account information to the credit bureaus on a monthly basis.
Your credit standing improves if the account owner has on-time payments, low credit utilization and other signs of financial responsibility.
Your credit gets hurt if the account holder behaves irresponsibly.
You can get an account with negative information removed from your report, since you aren’t responsible for making payments.
Authorized users do build credit, but that credit can be good or bad, depending on how the primary accountholder manages balances and bill payments. So you only want to become an authorized user on an account owned by someone responsible.
But in the event that an authorized user account does end up hurting your credit, you can dispute the account to get it removed from your credit report. That’s because any mistakes made won’t be your responsibility.
Finally, you’ll build credit faster if you also have your own credit card account that you use responsibly. You can get a starter credit card once you turn 18 years old, as long as you have enough money to pay the bills.
If you have bad credit and are worried you won’t get approved, try applying for a secured credit card. Secured cards require security deposits, but they have the highest approval odds of all credit cards and accept people with bad credit.
An authorized user’s credit score can get to the good- or excellent-credit range. Adding someone as an authorized user is a great, low-risk way to give your child a head-start on financial success (at any age) or to help a family member rebuild damaged credit.
It’s difficult to say exactly how much or how quickly a particular authorized user’s credit score will improve, however. A lot depends on the contents, if any, of the authorized user’s credit report and the nature of the account to which he or she is given access. Adding an authorized user to an old account with a high credit line, low utilization, and a pristine payment history will provide the best results, considering how credit scores are … read full answercalculated. In that scenario, an authorized user could get a credit score of 700+ after a few years.
In any case, it's important to consider both the benefits (credit score and otherwise) as well as the potential barriers to adding an authorized user on an account before doing so.
Authorized Users & Credit Scores: What You Need to Know
Credit card issuer reporting. The vast majority of credit-card issuers report authorized user information to the major credit bureaus, thus enabling the user to build credit – but not all do. You might therefore want to double-check with the issuer of your card just to be safe, especially if it’s a credit union or small bank.
Improved credit score. It’s possible to build a good credit score just by being an authorized user. Furthermore, research shows that authorized users are more likely to have credit scores over 680 than non-authorized users.
Disputing negative information. Because authorized users are not liable for bill payments, they cannot be held responsible for negative account activity that’s reported to the credit bureaus. Authorized users can simply remove themselves from the account and dispute the appearance of the negative information on their credit reports.
Credit score models and lenders. Not all credit-scoring models treat records of authorized use equally, and not all lenders will be satisfied with only authorized user experience if they look more deeply into your credit history than just your score. Furthermore, it’s difficult — often impossible — to determine the exact type of credit score used by a particular lender. And since the whole point of credit improvement is to qualify for better financial products and save money, authorized use alone may not always pay off. That’s why we recommend that authorized users also open their own credit card account, even if they don’t plan to actually make any purchases with it.
Rewards. When a primary user adds an authorized user to a credit card, the authorized user’s spending can help the primary user earn more rewards.
To learn more, we recommend checking out our authorized user guide. And if you’d like to track how authorized use is affecting your credit score as well as learn how to take credit improvement to the next level, sign up for a free WalletHub account. WalletHub is the only website that offers free credit scores and full credit reports updated on a daily basis. Customized credit-improvement advice and 24/7 credit monitoring are part of the package, too.
Your credit score may either improve or drop slightly when you are removed as an authorized user on a credit card. That is because the account history for the credit card will automatically drop off your credit reports upon removal. As a result, your score could see slight modifications when you are removed as an authorized user, depending on how the credit card account was managed.… read full answer
If the primary account holder paid the credit card bills late or used a lot of the card's available credit, being removed as an authorized user could actually help your credit score, for example. Either way, you can always add points to your score over time by using your own credit accounts responsibly. For more tips on how to improve your credit score, you can visit our guide on the subject.
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