Elite Qualifying Dollars are units in the American Airlines AAdvantage rewards program that count toward the program’s “Elite” status tiers. Each real dollar spent on qualifying American Airlines purchases, or with AA affiliates, earns an Elite Qualifying Dollar (EQD). Taxes and carrier-imposed fees don’t earn EQDs. Some American Airlines co-branded credit cards give EQD bonuses for hitting annual spending thresholds.
EQDs are one of 3 tier-earning currencies you can earn through the AAdvantage program. The others are Elite Qualifying Miles (EQMs) and Elite Qualifying Segments (EQSs). To earn an AAdvantage Elite status tier with EQD, you’d ordinarily need to earn at least $3,000 EQD, along with either 30 EQSs or 25,000 EQMs. That normally qualifies you for the lowest Elite tier, Gold oneworld Ruby. But in 2020, due to global slowdowns in air travel, all the AAdvantage Elite status thresholds have been lowered. For instance, Gold oneworld Ruby status only costs $1,500 EQD + 15 EQSs or 15,000 EQMs.
AAdvantage’s Elite status tiers come with benefits, such as automatic unlimited flight upgrades and bonus miles. Altogether, there are 4 Elite tiers: Gold oneworld Ruby, Platinum oneworld Sapphire, Platinum Pro oneworld Sapphire, and Executive Platinum oneworld Emerald.