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Yes, uninsured motorist insurance covers a hit and run in most states. In some states, including California and Illinois, however, drivers cannot use uninsured motorist property damage coverage to repair or replace their vehicle if the at-fault driver is unidentified. In these instances, drivers must file a claim with their collision insurance, if they have it.
Laws on uninsured motorist insurance vary widely across the country. But most places allow drivers to use uninsured motorist bodily injury (UMBI) coverage if they are injured in an accident caused by an unidentified driver. Otherwise, drivers with personal injury protection or MedPay can file an injury claim with these policies.
Rules on using uninsured motorist property damage (UMPD) for hit and runs can be stricter in order to avoid fraudulent claims, and UMPD is not even available in certain states. In addition to the states that do not allow UMPD to be used for a hit and run, some other states require the at-fault driver to have made contact with your car, as opposed to simply running you off the road or causing you to crash. It’s also worth noting that Oregon and Washington have higher UMPD deductibles for hit and run claims compared with claims for damage caused by an identified driver. Indiana, on the other hand, waives your UMPD deductible if your car was hit while empty and legally parked.
If you have uninsured motorist coverage and are involved in a hit and run, it’s best to check with your insurer to determine if your state’s laws allow you to file a claim. If not, you should consider your other options based on the types of insurance coverage you carry.
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