Florida car insurance laws require everyone who registers a car in the state to carry at least $10,000 of personal injury protection (PIP) and $10,000 of property damage liability (PDL). This is not much coverage. In fact, Florida has the lowest insurance requirements in the U.S. (except for New Hampshire, which requires no insurance).
In addition to all cars registered in Florida, Florida’s car insurance laws apply to any car that is driven in the state for more than 90 days in a 12-month period. This means Florida’s large seasonal population must meet Florida’s insurance requirements as well. Seasonal residents often need to add PIP to their out-of-state policies, since this type of insurance is only required in 12 no-fault states. Residents of the few states with lower mandatory PDL limits also may need additional property damage liability coverage to drive legally in Florida.
As a “no-fault” state, Florida requires its drivers to carry PIP insurance to pay their own medical expenses, no matter who causes an accident. However, it doesn’t require bodily injury liability—the insurance that pays for the other party’s injuries.
Florida’s no-fault law is limited, though. “Fault” becomes an issue in Florida when injuries are permanent or serious (costing over $10,000 in medical bills and/or lost income). In these cases, victims can sue the at-fault driver. To ensure victims can be paid, the at-fault driver in an accident has to provide proof of “financial responsibility.” The most common proof is bodily injury liability insurance. Drivers also have the option of posting a bond of up to $20,000.
Property damage liability insurance pays for damages a driver causes to other people's property in a crash. The damage can be to cars or other property such as fences or buildings. Florida’s PDL requirements are also relatively low. Most states require higher minimum limits, although there are some that require $10,000 like Florida and four that require only $5,000—California, Massachusetts, New Jersey and Pennsylvania.
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