I am going to assume that when you ask about a "gift of equity" that you mean a gift of stock. Assuming you are a US citizen, you have the capability of making a gift in the amount of $14,000 to any number of individuals in any given year. If you exceed this $14,000 gift in any one year you may begin to use up a portion of your lifetime exclusion which is $5.43 million. If in fact the gift does exceed $14,000 in any one year to any one individual, you are required to file a gift tax return for the excess over $14,000. By way of example, if you made a $50,000 gift of equity/stock to a child, you would file a gift tax return and use up $36,000 ($50,000-$14,000) of your $5.43 million federal exemption. No taxes are ever do until the amount of the gifts exceed the 5.43 million during your lifetime. In fact, this number was recently indexed with inflation and should increase each year in the future. If on the other hand, your word "equity" speak to the issue of equity in a business, then this conversation would have to take on a completely different direction and frankly is much too complicated to get into on this forum. I hope this helps and good luck
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