If you're married, you and your spouse can choose to combine income and deduct combined allowable expenses by selecting "married filing jointly" status. You can file a joint return even if one of you had no income or deductions. You may file as "head of household" only if you meet all the following requirements.
You are unmarried or “considered unmarried” on the last day of the year.
You paid more than half the cost of keeping up a home for the year.
A qualifying person lived with you in the home for more than half the year (except for temporary absences, such as school).
Further details--including definitions and exceptions--can be found on this IRS page.
Filing jointly is limited to a married couple where as head of household is limited to a single parent with dependents living within their home. There are a significant number of websites including the IRS's own website whereby you can get a more thorough explanation of each of these two filing statuses. Good luck.
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