Best Cities for Jobs
With 2018 behind us, it’s time to think about fresh starts, whether that means small changes or a complete life overhaul. For many people, finding a new or better job will be a top resolution.
If that’s your mission for the new year, it’s a good time to be on the job market. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics’ most recent jobs report, the national unemployment rate has fallen to an eighteen-year low of 3.7 percent while hiring is up.
College graduates, especially, will see a strong boost in their job prospects. According to the National Association of Colleges and Employers, employers plan to hire 16.6 percent more members from the Class of 2019 than from the previous graduating cohort.
But your luck of finding work depends largely on location. To help you with the job hunt, WalletHub compared more than 180 U.S. cities across 30 key indicators of job-market strength. They range from job opportunities to employment growth to monthly average starting salary. Read on for our findings, additional insight from our panel of experts and a full description of our methodology.
Best Places to Find a Job
(1 = Best)
|City||Total Score||‘Job Market’ Rank||‘Socio-economics’ Rank|
|4||San Francisco, CA||64.67||3||25|
|5||Colorado Springs, CO||62.85||6||42|
|11||South Burlington, VT||61.45||15||10|
|20||Overland Park, KS||58.94||31||17|
|25||St. Paul, MN||58.26||43||19|
|28||San Diego, CA||58.00||37||28|
|29||Virginia Beach, VA||57.96||32||37|
|32||San Jose, CA||57.83||28||59|
|33||Salt Lake City, UT||57.78||38||35|
|36||Grand Prairie, TX||57.51||29||75|
|40||Pearl City, HI||56.80||23||87|
|43||Fort Lauderdale, FL||56.41||18||135|
|44||Rancho Cucamonga, CA||56.37||57||20|
|52||Grand Rapids, MI||55.35||62||43|
|54||Cedar Rapids, IA||55.16||90||8|
|58||Fort Worth, TX||55.01||42||114|
|60||Des Moines, IA||54.64||70||53|
|66||St. Petersburg, FL||54.33||61||72|
|71||Huntington Beach, CA||53.63||89||44|
|76||West Valley City, UT||53.38||98||29|
|79||Pembroke Pines, FL||52.97||72||103|
|80||Little Rock, AR||52.86||51||154|
|81||Los Angeles, CA||52.83||73||93|
|83||Newport News, VA||52.44||63||143|
|84||Sioux Falls, SD||52.43||119||22|
|85||New York, NY||52.40||85||86|
|86||San Antonio, TX||52.30||86||88|
|87||Santa Rosa, CA||52.23||74||113|
|96||Rapid City, SD||51.36||123||41|
|100||Port St. Lucie, FL||51.08||92||118|
|103||Garden Grove, CA||50.70||128||34|
|106||St. Louis, MO||50.66||100||112|
|114||Las Vegas, NV||49.60||137||39|
|118||Long Beach, CA||49.39||105||125|
|121||Kansas City, MO||49.22||121||110|
|123||Chula Vista, CA||49.15||112||132|
|124||Baton Rouge, LA||49.10||114||139|
|125||Santa Ana, CA||49.02||118||123|
|130||Santa Clarita, CA||48.55||136||79|
|131||Corpus Christi, TX||48.53||109||147|
|133||El Paso, TX||48.23||132||97|
|134||Oklahoma City, OK||48.21||139||81|
|135||Jersey City, NJ||47.82||157||46|
|139||Fort Smith, AR||47.06||126||167|
|144||Fort Wayne, IN||46.76||135||142|
|145||Cape Coral, FL||46.74||152||92|
|150||Moreno Valley, CA||45.94||141||157|
|164||San Bernardino, CA||43.64||160||163|
|165||New Haven, CT||43.50||174||96|
|171||New Orleans, LA||42.42||173||146|
|174||North Las Vegas, NV||41.77||178||137|
|181||Las Cruces, NM||38.88||182||100|
Ask the Experts
Although the employment projections for 2019 appear to be promising, the job-hunting process can still be scary, especially for those entering the workforce for the first time or facing particular obstacles. To ease the burden on job seekers, we asked a panel of experts to share their thoughts on the following key questions:
- What is your prediction for the job market in 2019?
- What impact will the current administration’s policies have on job growth?
- Which fields are expected to grow the most in the coming years?
- Recent evidence suggests fewer people are moving across state lines in search for work. Why do you think this is, and what can be done to increase geographic mobility?
- What are the most common mistakes job seekers make when seeking employment?
- What types of programs have proven effective in helping unemployed individuals find work?
- Should unemployed people be required to do something in order to earn their unemployment benefits? If so, what?
In order to determine the best job markets in the U.S., WalletHub compared 182 cities — including the 150 most populated U.S. cities, plus at least two of the most populated cities in each state — across two key dimensions, “Job Market” and “Socio-economics.” We assigned a heavier weight to the former, considering the fact that factors in that category most heavily influence a job seeker’s decision in terms of relocation for employment.
We then evaluated the two dimensions using 30 relevant metrics, which are listed below with their corresponding weights. Each metric was graded on a 100-point scale, with a score of 100 representing the most favorable conditions for job seekers. Data for metrics marked with an asterisk (*) were available at state level only.
Finally, we determined each city’s weighted average across all metrics to calculate its overall score and used the resulting scores to rank-order our sample. In determining our sample, we considered only the city proper in each case, excluding cities in the surrounding metro area.
Job Market – Total Points: 80
- Job Opportunities: Double Weight (~6.53 Points)
Note: This metric was calculated as follows: Number of Job Openings per Number of Population in Labor Force Minus Unemployment Rate.
- Employment Growth: Double Weight (~6.53 Points)
Note: This metric measures the rate of annual job growth adjusted by the working-age population growth.
- Monthly Average Starting Salary: Full Weight (~3.27 Points)
- Unemployment Rate: Double Weight (~6.53 Points)
- Underemployment Rate: Full Weight (~3.27 Points)
- Industry Variety: Full Weight (~3.27 Points)
- Employment Outlook: Double Weight (~6.53 Points)
Note: This metric is based on the Manpower Employment Outlook Survey.
- Automation Risk: Full Weight (~3.27 Points)
Note: This metric measures the percentage of jobs at risk for automation.
- Job Security: Full Weight (~3.27 Points)
Note: This metric was calculated as follows: (Number of Employees in 2017 – Number of Employees in 2016) / Number of Employees in 2016.
- Job Satisfaction: Full Weight (~3.27 Points)
- Share of Engaged Workers*: Full Weight (~3.27 Points)
Note: This metric is based on Gallup’s “State of the American Workplace” report. Gallup defines engaged employees as those who are involved in, enthusiastic about and committed to their work and workplace.
- Retirement Access & Participation: Full Weight (~3.27 Points)
Note: This metric considers only employer-based retirement plans.
- Access to Employee Benefits: Full Weight (~3.27 Points)
Note: This metric measures the share of employees with private health insurance.
- Presence of Work-Share Programs*: Full Weight (~3.27 Points)
Note: This binary metric measures the presence or absence of state programs that allow employers to temporarily reduce work hours of employees instead of laying them off during economic downturns.
- Full-Time Employment: Full Weight (~3.27 Points)
Note: This metric measures the number of part-time employees for every 100 full-time employees.
- Access to Internships: Full Weight (~3.27 Points)
Note: This metric measures the number of internships per total civilian population aged 16 to 24 in the labor force.
- 4+ Star Job Opportunities per Total People in Labor Force: Full Weight (~3.27 Points)
Note: This metric measures the number of job opportunities at 4+ star rated companies on Glasssdoor.com per the total people in the labor force.
- Apprentice-Trainee Jobs as Share of Total Jobs Posted on Glassdoor.com: Half Weight (~1.63 Points)
Note: Apprentice-trainee jobs refers to on-the-job training.
- Share of Workers in Poverty: Double Weight (~6.53 Points)
Note: This metric measures the percentage of employed residents whose incomes are below the poverty line.
- Disability-Friendliness of Employers: Full Weight (~3.27 Points)
Note: This metric measures the percentage of persons with disabilities who are employed.
Socio-economics – Total Points: 20
- Median Annual Income: Full Weight (~2.00 Points)
Note: This metric was adjusted for the cost of living.
- Average Work & Commute Time: Full Weight (~2.00 Points)
Note: This metric measures the average length of a workday and the average commute time.
- Transit Accessibility of Workplace: Full Weight (~2.00 Points)
Note: This metric measures the number of jobs accessible by a 30-minute transit ride per total civilian workforce.
- Transit Score: Full Weight (~2.00 Points)
Note: Transit Score is a patented measure of how well a location is served by public transit.
- Housing Affordability: Full Weight (~2.00 Points)
Note: This metric was calculated as follows: Housing Costs (accounts for both rental and sale prices) / Median Annual Household Income.
- Annual Transportation Costs: Full Weight (~2.00 Points)
- Safety: Full Weight (~2.00 Points)
Note: This metric measures the crime rate.
- Family-Friendliness: Full Weight (~2.00 Points)
Note: This metric is based on WalletHub’s “Best & Worst Places to Raise a Family” ranking.
- Dating-Friendliness: Full Weight (~2.00 Points)
Note: This metric is based on WalletHub’s “Best & Worst Cities for Singles” ranking.
- Recreation-Friendliness: Full Weight (~2.00 Points)
Note: This metric is based on WalletHub’s “Best & Worst Cities for Recreation” ranking.
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Sources: Data used to create this ranking were collected from the U.S. Census Bureau, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Federal Bureau of Investigation, U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development, Council for Community and Economic Research, Indeed, Center for Neighborhood Technology, The Pew Charitable Trusts, National Conference of State Legislatures, Glassdoor, ManpowerGroup, Chmura Economics & Analytics, Chegg, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University, Gallup-Sharecare, Walk Score and WalletHub research.
Image: Africa Studio / Shutterstock.com
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