Credit Card Debt Study: Trends & Insights

Sep 11, 2018  |  Alina Comoreanu, Senior Researcher

Credit card debt statistics speak to the financial health of American households. They can also foreshadow over-borrowing bubbles, changes to lending standards, and other trends with the potential to impact our wallets. That’s important because the latest news may seem encouraging, but the complete picture is not pretty.

Americans repaid $40.6 billion in credit card debt during Q1 2018 – the second-largest quarterly payoff ever. But we added almost $30 billion back to our tab in Q2 2018. We also began the year owing more than $1 trillion in credit card debt for the first time ever, after adding a post-Great Recession record of $91.8 billion to our tab in 2017.

Only four times in the past three decades have we overspent so much in a year. And in each case, the charge-off rate – currently near historical lows – rose the following year. That’s true so far, as charge-offs are up nearly 3% from Q4 2017 to Q2 2018.

So it’s not a question of whether consumers are weakening financially. It’s a matter of how long this trend will last and just how bad it will get.

Main Findings

Outstanding credit card debt is at the second-highest point since the end of 2008.

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The $29.8 billion in credit card debt that we incurred during Q2 2018 is 24% above the post-Great Recession average. It is also the fourth highest Q2 accumulation since 2008.

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We ended 2017 with $91.8 billion in new credit card debt, most for a year since 2007 and 104% above the post-Great Recession average.

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Since the end of the Great Recession, consumer performance has regressed on a year-over-year basis in two out of every three quarters.

At 3.74% for Q2 2018, the charge-off rate is up nearly 2.7% year over year and at the third highest point since mid-2012.

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Average Credit Card Debt per Household

Stat Q2 2018 Q2 2017 Percent
Change
Average Credit Card Debt per Household $8332 $7994 +4%
Total Credit Card Debt $978.90 billion $935.90 billion +5%
Quarter Net Increase 29.80 billion 33.00 billion -10%

 

The average household’s balance, at $8,332, is roughly $129 shy of being unsustainable.

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Tips For Managing Debt

    1. Make a Budget & Stick to It: It’s difficult to spend within reason or plan savings if you don’t know how your monthly spending compares to your take-home pay, or where that money is going. That is why you should rank-order your expenses – including debt payments, emergency fund contributions and other savings – and trim the fat, if necessary.Most importantly, once you develop your budget, make sure to stick to it or else you’ll have simply wasted your time.
    2. Build an Emergency Fund: With a safety net of cash to fall back on, you won’t be as likely to fall behind on your bills in the event of emergency expenses or unplanned joblessness. Your goal should be to gradually save about a year’s worth of after-tax income. In other words, set aside a little bit every month until you’ve got a nice cushion.
    3. Improve Your Credit: This might sound a bit counterintuitive, seeing as more credit could mean more debt. But improving your credit standing will have a dramatic impact on the cost of your debt. And reducing the cost of your debt will allow you to pay it off faster. Better credit can also make it easier to find a job or a place to live, both of which impact your bottom line.You can check your latest credit score for free and get personalized credit-improvement tips on WalletHub.
    4. Try the Island Approach: The Island Approach is a strategy that involves using a collection of credit cards, with each serving a specific purpose. For example, you could transfer your existing debt to a 0% balance transfer credit card to save on finance charges and get out of debt sooner. And you could use a rewards card or two – perhaps one with travel rewards and one with cash back, or maybe a store credit card – for purchases that you’ll be able to pay off by the end of the month.This will enable you to get the best possible collection of terms. It will also tell you when you’re overspending. Finance charges on your everyday spending cards will signal a need to cut back.
    5. Repay Your Most Expensive Debt First: Most people with serious credit card debt have multiple balances. If that’s the case for you, try the “avalanche method.” That means putting the majority of your monthly debt payment toward the balance with the highest interest rate and making the minimum payment required on the rest. Once your most expensive debt is paid off, repeat the process until you’re debt-free.
    6. Evaluate Your Job Situation: In some cases, all the budgeting and planning in the world won’t be enough to solve your debt problems. You may need to explore whether higher-paying opportunities exist for people with your background or consider acquiring some new skills to make yourself more marketable.This may require a bit of an investment in yourself, but as long as you get a worthwhile return, it’s money well spent.

Raw Data

Net Result of Consumer Credit Card Debt Q1 2008 – Q2 2018

Net Result in Debt Load Relative to Same Period
Last Year
Relative to Same Period Two Years Ago
2018 Q2 $29,751,197,765 -10% -13%
2018 Q1 -$40,557,465,267 33% 53%
2017 $91,789,493,181 4% 110%
2017 Q4 $67,203,842,980 15% 181%
2017 Q3 $22,060,647,656 -1% 2%
2017 Q2 $32,970,398,579 -4% 2%
2017 Q1 -$30,445,396,034 15% -11%
2016 $88,589,885,958 103% 50%
2016 Q4 $58,478,763,454 145% 26%
2016 Q3 $22,301,059,506 3% 37%
2016 Q2 $34,329,390,317 6% 20%
2016 Q1 -$26,519,327,319 -23% -17%
2015 $43,691,135,482 -26% 12%
2015 Q4 $23,915,730,758 -48% -44%
2015 Q3 $21,692,738,822 33% 84%
2015 Q2 $32,459,524,644 14% 92%
2015 Q1 -$34,376,858,743 7% 6%
2014 $59,077,634,282 51% 67%
2014 Q4 $46,334,820,193 8% 16%
2014 Q3 $16,258,183,885 38% 31%
2014 Q2 $28,552,944,199 69% 64%
2014 Q1 -$32,068,313,994 -1% -7%
2013 $39,154,438,946 11% -16%
2013 Q4 $42,824,295,104 7% -2%
2013 Q3 $11,768,950,933 -5% -27%
2013 Q2 $16,900,498,062 -3% -12%
2013 Q1 -$32,339,305,153 -6% -1%
2012 $35,378,042,438 -24% 1407%
2012 Q4 $39,983,657,892 -9% 56%
2012 Q3 $12,429,815,284 -23% 124%
2012 Q2 $17,452,371,842 -9% 81%
2012 Q1 -$34,487,802,581 5% -10%
2011 $46,382,251,914 1876% 5501%
2011 Q4 $43,750,311,211 70% 95%
2011 Q3 $16,103,668,962 190% 34%
2011 Q2 $19,232,739,358 100% 103%
2011 Q1 -$32,704,467,617 -15% -27%
2010 $2,346,831,104 373% -96%
2010 Q4 $25,676,986,270 14% -29%
2010 Q3 $5,543,887,035 -54% -60%
2010 Q2 $9,618,368,878 1% -59%
2010 Q1 -$38,492,411,078 -14% 122%
2009 -$858,808,704 102% 101%
2009 Q4 $22,431,780,706 -38% -65%
2009 Q3 $12,041,361,702 -12% -69%
2009 Q2 $9,492,875,778 -60% -70%
2009 Q1 -$44,824,826,891 159% 104%
2008 $56,165,464,197 -50% -42%
2008 Q4 $36,046,098,712 -44% -34%
2008 Q3 $13,751,457,775 -64% -46%
2008 Q2 $23,689,133,013 -26% -4%
2008 Q1 -$17,321,225,304 -21% 107%

Net Result in Debt LoadGreen indicates that consumers decreased their debt relative to the previous quarter. Red indicates they increased their debt relative to the previous quarter.

Relative to Same PeriodGreen indicates that consumers either paid down more debt or accumulated less debt than they did in the previous two years. Red indicates that they either paid down less debt or accumulated more debt than they did in the same quarter in the previous two years.

Consumer Credit Card Debt and Charge-off Data (in Billions) Q1 1986 – Q2 2018:

*Numbers may differ from year to year due to the fact that the Federal Reserve regularly retroactively updating figures. Questions or requests for information can be directed to our media department.

Q2 2018 Credit Card Debt Increase by City

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*99th Percentile = Biggest Q2 Increase