Federal Reserve rate hikes can send shockwaves through stock markets and put many people to sleep. But just because the nitty-gritty of the country’s fiscal policy isn’t exciting to most does not mean we’re unaffected. For example, consumers will pay around $27.2 billion in extra interest charges in 2023 alone due to the Fed’s 425 basis points in rate hikes last year. In addition, if the Fed raises its target rate on February 1 as expected, it will cost consumers at least another $1.6 billion over the next 12 months.
Below, you can find everything you need to know about Federal Reserve interest rate increases. This includes the odds of a February 2023 rate hike as well as commentary on what that would mean for your wallet. WalletHub also conducted a nationally representative survey to gauge public sentiment about rising rates.
Fed Rate Hike Odds & Predictions
All signs point to the Federal Reserve increasing its target rate by 25 basis points in February 2023. Below, you can see what the latest research and experts consulted by WalletHub say will happen.
Fed Rate Hike Probability
Source: CME Group
Fed Rate Hike Impact by Loan Type
Interest rates on financial products, from credit cards to car loans and mortgages, are generally based on some sort of benchmark rate, which in turn is influenced by the Federal Reserve’s target interest rate in one way or another. So when the Fed’s target rises, the interest rates consumers pay also go up, increasing the cost of borrowing. Unfortunately, the rates we earn on deposit accounts aren’t nearly as quick to react.
Below, you can see how Fed interest rate increases have impacted consumers’ finances in the past, as well as how much we can expect a February 2023 rate hike to cost us.
The vast majority of credit card rates are variable, tied to the Prime Rate. As a result, we expect to see credit card rates rise the same amount as the Fed’s target.
- A 25-basis point increase will cost credit card users at least an additional $1.6 billion in the next year, on top of the hikes so far.
- Due to the 425 basis points in rate hikes during 2022, credit card users will wind up with at least $27.2 billion more in interest charges in 2023 than they would have otherwise.
We don’t expect much of a change in mortgage rates following a February rate hike, as the mortgage markets have already accounted for the move. That’s because mortgages have fixed rates that are priced with a far longer time frame in mind than other borrowing vehicles.
WalletHub’s analysts estimate that the upcoming February rate hike has increased the cost of new mortgages by around 10 basis points, which translates to roughly $9,360 over the life of a 30-year loan, assuming the average home loan of $401,300.
- WalletHub expects the average APR on a 48-month new car loan to rise by around 12 basis points in the months following the Fed’s next 25 basis point rate hike.
- For historical context, the average APR on a 48-month new car loan rose from 4.00% in November 2015 to 5.50% in February 2019. That’s a 150-basis point increase in a period characterized by 225 basis points in Fed rate hikes.
- WalletHub expects little, if any, change in the APYs available from most deposit accounts following the Fed’s next rate hike. Online savings accounts are the exception, as WalletHub projects an 11-basis point increase in the average APY following the Fed's February rate hike.
- Online savings account yields increased by an average of 198 basis points from January 1, 2022 to December 7, 2022 despite 425 basis points in Fed hikes during that period. Banks seem quick to pass higher rates to consumers on loans but are not sharing the love on the deposit front.
Interest Rate Change by Account Type (Jan. 1 to Dec. 7)
To gain a deeper understanding of everything that makes Federal Reserve rate hikes so important, we asked the following questions to a panel of experts. You can check out their bios and responses below.
- Is now the right time for the Federal Reserve to raise its target interest rate?
- How many Fed rate hikes do you believe there will be in 2023? Why?
- Who will benefit most and least from Fed rate hikes?
Ask the Experts
WalletHub conducted a nationally representative survey to see what people know about Federal Reserve interest rate increases and how they impact our wallets. The survey was conducted online from January 9 to January 13. You can find the complete results in the following infographic.
Concerns about inflation
Fed increasing rates have affected people's wallets
Attitude towards the Fed raising interest rates
Affected monthly expenses
Not prepared for a recession
Full Details Overall
|Are you concerned about inflation right now?|
|The Fed has increased rates by 4.25% so far this year. Has this affected your wallet?|
|How do you feel about the Fed raising interest rates?|
|Which of your monthly expenses has been most affected by inflation?|
|Will inflation impact your spending in 2023?|
|Are you financially prepared for a recession?|
|Is your job at risk if the Fed continues to raise interest rates?|
|Do you think a recession is inevitable?|
|Is inflation going to be better or worse in 2023?|
Note: Percentages may not total 100% due to rounding.