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No. A one-day-late payment does not affect a credit score. A late payment won’t be reported to the credit bureaus until it is 30 days past-due – meaning a second due date has passed. This could also trigger a loan to default, depending on the type of loan and the agreed upon terms. If you pay before the 30-day mark, your credit score is fine. Anything later, expect a drop – generally between 60 and 100 points, depending on the type of payment and starting credit score.
Many loan agreements include a grace period that will forgive payments that arrive a few days late. Mortgage agreements often include a grace period of a few days to a few weeks. Auto loans typically include a 10-day grace period for payments. But make sure to check your loan documents to confirm just how long your grace period lasts.
Credit cards operate a bit differently. In some cases, late fees can be triggered if you miss a payment by just one day. The first time you miss a credit card payment, you can be charged up to $29. If you miss any subsequent payments over the next six billing cycles, you can be charged up to $40. Those fees are on top of any interest you may accrue for not paying off the full amount on your card. Credit cards also generally have grace periods, but these relate to being charged interest on your balance.
Delinquent payments of any type are considered negative information and remain on your credit report for 7 years from the date of the original missed payment. If you want to see whether any missed payments are affecting your credit, you can check your latest credit report and credit score for free on WalletHub.
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